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  • before_validation and and after_touch callbacks in rails

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    Rails provide us with some pre-defined methods or hooks which can be invoked after or before the execution of a certain method in the object life cycle.

    Callbacks are called in certain moments of object's life cycle which we will get to know in this blog.

    Today we will be studying about three callbacks as follows :

    • before_validation

    As the name suggests, this method is called before validation of all the fields of the form.

    For example, there is a registration form which has an email field, so as soon as the user will fill the email field and submit the form before the value gets saved into the database we have to make sure that all characters in the email should be down case.

    So in this case, we will invoke a before_validation callback in which we will define a method to be called before the create method is called.

    In this method, we will convert the whole string into down case and after that, the create method will be called like this.

    class Employee < ApplicationRecord
      
      before_validation :normalize_email, on: :create
     
      # :on takes an array as well
      
      def create
        ...
      end 
    
      protected
        def normalize_email
          self.email = email.downcase.titleize
        end
    
    end

     

    • after_touch

    Whenever an object is being touched the after_touch callback is called .

    For example

    We create an employee object and as soon as we touch the object the after_touch callback is invoked.

    class Employee < ApplicationRecord
      
      after_touch do |employee|
        puts "The object has been touched"
      end
    
    end
     
    >> e = Employee.create(name: 'Tom')
    => #<Employee id: 1, name: "Tom", created_at: "2013-11-25 12:17:49", updated_at: "2013-11-25 12:17:49">
     
    >> e.touch
    The object has been touched
    => true

    So hope this article was helpful to understand both the callbacks.

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