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  • How to get SMS from an Android Device programatically

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    To get SMS conversation from an Android device we will use following code:

    ContentResolver contentResolver = getActivity().getContentResolver();
                Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://sms/conversations/");
                Cursor cursor = contentResolver.query(uri, null, null, null, "date" + " COLLATE LOCALIZED DESC");
    

    After getting SMS conversation, we can get sms snippets of a particular conversation by the following code:

    /**
     * Get SMS from Device
     * @param cur
     */
    public void getSMS(Cursor cursor){
    
        StringBuilder smsBuilder = new StringBuilder();
        try
        {
            while (cursor.moveToNext()) {
                Uri uriSMSURI = Uri.parse("content://sms");
                String[] projection = new String[] { "_id", "address", "thread_id", "body", "date", "type" };  
                Cursor cur = getActivity().getContentResolver().query(uriSMSURI, projection, "thread_id=?", new String[]{cursor.getString(0)},
                        "date" + " COLLATE LOCALIZED DESC");
                if(cur.moveToNext())
                {
                    String address = cur.getString(cur.getColumnIndex("address"));
                    String name = null;
                    String photoUri = null;
                    if(address != null)
                    {
                        if (address.length() > 0) {
    
                            // getting contact by contact number
                            String[] contactData = utility.getContactByNumber(address);
                            if (contactData != null) {
                                name = contactData[0];
                                if (contactData[1] != null)
                                    photoUri = contactData[1];
                            }
                        } else
                            address = null;
                    }
    
                    String body = cur.getString(cur.getColumnIndexOrThrow("body"));
                    int int_Type = cur.getInt(cur.getColumnIndexOrThrow("type"));  
                    long longDate = cur.getLong(cur.getColumnIndexOrThrow("date"));  
    
                    String dateString = new SimpleDateFormat("MM/dd/yyyy", Locale.getDefault()).format(new Date(longDate));
                    smsBuilder.append("[ ");  
                    smsBuilder.append(address + ", ");  
                    smsBuilder.append(name + ", ");  
                    smsBuilder.append(body + ", ");  
                    smsBuilder.append(date + ", ");  
                    smsBuilder.append(int_Type + ", ");  
                    smsBuilder.append(photoUri);  
                    smsBuilder.append(" ]\n\n"); 
                }
                cur.close();
            }
        }catch (Exception e) {
        }
        catch (OutOfMemoryError e) {
        }
        cursor.close();
        System.out.println(smsBuilder.toString());
    }
    
    
    /**
     * Get Contact Name by Contact Number
     * @param number
     * @return 
     */
    private String[] getContactByNumber(final String number) {
        String[] data = new String[2];
    
        try {
    
            Uri uri = Uri.withAppendedPath(PhoneLookup.CONTENT_FILTER_URI,
                    Uri.encode(number));
    
            Cursor cur = activity.getContentResolver().query(uri,
                    new String[] { PhoneLookup.DISPLAY_NAME, PhoneLookup._ID },
                    null, null, null);
    
            if (cur.moveToFirst()) {
                int nameIdx = cur.getColumnIndex(PhoneLookup.DISPLAY_NAME);
                data[0] = cur.getString(nameIdx);
    
                String contactId = cur.getString(cur
                        .getColumnIndex(PhoneLookup._ID));
    
                // getting contact image uri of the contac by contact id
                String photoUri = getContactPhotoUri(Long.parseLong(contactId));
    
                if (photoUri != null)
                    data[1] = photoUri;
                else
                    data[1] = null;
    
                cur.close();
                return data;
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    
    }
    
    
    /**
     * Get contact photo URI from contact Id
     * @param contactId
     * @return imagePath
     */
    private String getContactPhotoUri(long contactId) {
    
        Uri photoUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(Contacts.CONTENT_URI,
                contactId);
    
        String imagePath = null ;
        if(photoUri != null)
        {
            imagePath = photoUri.toString() ;
        }
        return imagePath;
    
    }
    

    Please share the experiences you had while getting SMS from an Android device as this will help other people who read the post.

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