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  • Staging changes as multiple commits

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    Previous Git Blogs


    1. Intialize git repostiory
    2. First Commit
    3. Two tree architecture and Three tree architecture
    4. Best basic practices for writing commit messages
    5. Viewing the commit logs
    6. Git Basic WorkFlow
    7. What is HEAD pointer in GIT
    8. Git Configuration
    9. Viewing history
    10. Updating a file and adding it to repository
    11. Viewing history
    12. Git Config, Add, Commit, View, Diff summary


    Let see how many file's do I have in my local working directory

    naveen@naveen:/var/www/html/RND/symfony_sites/symfony_todoapp$ ls
    two files exits my_first_file and readme.txt
    naveen@naveen:/var/www/html/RND/symfony_sites/symfony_todoapp$ ls
    naveen@naveen:/var/www/html/RND/symfony_sites/symfony_todoapp$ gedit my_first_file
    naveen@naveen:/var/www/html/RND/symfony_sites/symfony_todoapp$ gedit readme.txt
    open each file and edit it if I do
     git status 
    I got two pending changes in my working copy Git Display
    On branch master
    Changes not staged for commit:
      (use "git add ..." to update what will be committed)
      (use "git checkout -- ..." to discard changes in working directory)
    
        modified:   my_first_file
        modified:   readme.txt
    
    

    they might be completely different, I did two things at once.

    Now we would like two stage these as two different commits

    naveen@naveen:/var/www/html/RND/symfony_sites/symfony_todoapp$ git add my_first_file
    naveen@naveen:/var/www/html/RND/symfony_sites/symfony_todoapp$ git status
    On branch master
    Changes to be committed:
      (use "git reset HEAD ..." to unstage)
    
        modified:   my_first_file
    
    Changes not staged for commit:
      (use "git add ..." to update what will be committed)
      (use "git checkout -- ..." to discard changes in working directory)
    
        modified:   readme.txt
    

    you can see my_first_file changes has been staged but readme.txt are not staged

    Now I will commit it my_first_file

    naveen@naveen:/var/www/html/RND/symfony_sites/symfony_todoapp$ git commit -m"fied bugs-1098"
    Git Display
    [master c4bf6fc] fied bugs-1098
     1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)
    

    Now I will add the readme.txt

    naveen@naveen:/var/www/html/RND/symfony_sites/symfony_todoapp$ git add readme.txt
    Now commit it
    naveen@naveen:/var/www/html/RND/symfony_sites/symfony_todoapp$ git commit -m"added additional information regarding new features in readme"
    Git Display
    [master 4007396] added additional information regarding new features in readme
     1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)
    

    Basically staging helps us to break commits into logical units

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