Following are steps to make software testing more easy & efficient:
1.Participation right from beginning:-It is a good practice, if tester has involved in starting from the project. Testers can acquire better understanding of project.Early preparation of test environment, tester have ability to handle the unknown risks with enough time.
2.Should Make Good Test Plan:It is must important document for any project.
Test Plan is a document is written by QA Lead or Mangaer.The Good test plan should cover the scope of testing,introduction to the client, company, overview of the application, test strategy, schedule of testing activities, roles and responsibilities, deliverable and milestones.It describes test items, features to be tested, testing tasks, details of the personnel performing each task and any risks identifications.
3.Store Document: Many time clients changes the requirement & send these request over mail. QA Person has to store all documents & report on specific location.
4.Start creating testcases early in the requirement analyses phase & Design phase: If you start writing test cases during early phase of Software Development Life Cycle then you will understand whether all requirement are testable or not. While writing test cases first consider positive test cases which cover all expected behavior of application under test.After that you can consider negative test cases.
5.Make an Effective test cases:You should write clear steps while writing the test cases, that will easy to understand for both developers & client.Tester should try to write test case more & more but there is no duplicate testcase in test case suit.
6.Should be clear & Descriptive Bug Report: After created the test cases then you will start executing the test case.You have found issues while executing the test cases.The bug details must be more clear & full details like Bug ID,Build ID, Steps, Actual,Expected, Priority Severity etc.There is some Bug tracking tool where you can report the bug. In Tracker, there is three person involved in it i.e QA Person, Developer & Client.
7.Developer End: Developer fixes issues as priority & severity wise, Whenever it has been fixed, it will reassigned to QA.Then QA retested them once again, If it is fix as status marked as closed otherwise bug again reassigned to developer.
8.More Communication with developer & Client to avoid misunderstandings: The daily or weekly meetings will resolve the problem very easily & quickly. In this meeting, team can discuss all points which are unclear & need to discuss for additional information.Once you discuss these point , it should be communicated over email as well.