The term IoT is composed of two major words “Internet” and “Things”. Literally, this implies connecting things (objects and devices) through the internet to build an auto-operated network. There are certain core components that define IoT-powered architecture. Some of them are smart devices, sensors, energy, cloud, interface, gateway, etc. Here I'm going to explain to the top five Internet of Things components for you:
1. Interconnected Smart devices and Sensors
Devices and external sensors are best elements that make the significant part in IoT-enabled connectivity layer. The smart sensors collect the data from the surrounding ambiance and transmit it to the next layer to process it further. Nowadays advanced technologies are available so people have more advanced semiconductor technology that allows much more capable micro smart sensors used in various industry-specific applications.
Depending on its capacity to contain physical parameters, here are a few usually available sensors:
• Humidity or Rain level sensors
• Force sensors
• Light energy analysis sensors
• Proximity indicators
• Room ambiance controllers
• Motion sensors
• Heat or cold sensors
• Vibration sensors
• Weather forecasters
Since the IoT network runs on low power, most smart devices and sensors feed on a low-power wireless network such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Z-wave, ZigBee, etc. This is why IoT encourages the development of low-power, low-cost units with compact and easy-to-control wireless capabilities.
Any wireless system or machine gives both pros and cons when analyzed on the basis of data transfer rate, power consumption, and operational effectiveness. The encouraging benefit of such IoT structure is its capacity to ensure long battery life, increased performance, and execution.
IoT Gateway is an essential element that serves to manage bi-directional information transfer happening on different networks and protocols. It also significantly translates different network protocols and builds interoperability of the connected devices in the IoT network. The unique aspect of IoT Gateways is that they are configurable and can pre-process the sensor-generated data locally before it is transmitted to the next stage.
The Gateway also offers data security for IoT networks by means of high-quality encryption techniques that work as a protective layer for the system against unauthorized access and malicious attacks.
3. Cloud: Distributed Database Management
Since IoT networks generate a massive amount of data from users and devices, it needs reliable management. IoT cloud allows advanced real-time tools to collect maintain and store the data. Owners and service operators can remotely gain access to their data in the moment of taking critical business decisions.
IoT cloud is composed of a high-performance network of servers, which forms distributed database management systems, configured to speed-process the data coming from billions of connected devices, sensors, protocols, data storage systems.
4. Predictive Analytics
Owning powerful analytics software embedded in an IoT network improves the process and converts the helpful data from billions of smart devices and sensors into essential insights. This insight can be further interpreted to generate more effective system development strategies or deliver smarter solutions.
5. User interface
Users give physical communication with their user an interface which is a visible, accessible part of the IoT-powered network. For allowing smooth, simple interaction with IoT devices, IoT developers and UI designers must create a perfect, easy-to-use interface.
UI technology has potentially developed in offering more advanced design and simple touch panels to simplify the management of complex tasks. Smart homes are now equipped with smooth touch-control panels instead of hard switches.