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  • Cakephp 2: Generate custom method and view for baking

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    Generate custom method and view in Cakephp using bake method

    As all we know that baking is the best and powerful method provided by cakephp for developing CRUD methods . It helps the developers to develop the website very easily and faster. Currently cakephp bakes CRUD method and generates following function in the Controller:

     

    i) public function index()

    ii) public function create()

    iii) public function edit($id=null)

    iv) public function delete($id=null)

     

    Now if you want to generate custom method and view for it then you can do this writing the following command in terminal (Ubuntu) or command prompt in Windows:

     

    cake bake view users customfunction

     

    In order to bake custom views, you need to create a template in the following directory of cakephp project:

    YOUR_CAKEPHP_PROJECT\lib\Cake\Console\Templates\default\views

    In this directory create customfunction.ctp file and you can create your own view . For example:

     

    <div class="<?php echo $pluralVar; ?> view">
    <h2><?php echo "<?php echo __('{$singularHumanName}'); ?>"; ?></h2>
    	<dl>
    <?php
    foreach ($fields as $field) {
    	$isKey = false;
    	if (!empty($associations['belongsTo'])) {
    		foreach ($associations['belongsTo'] as $alias => $details) {
    			if ($field === $details['foreignKey']) {
    				$isKey = true;
    				echo "\t\t<dt><?php echo __('" . Inflector::humanize(Inflector::underscore($alias)) . "'); ?></dt>\n";
    				echo "\t\t<dd>\n\t\t\t<?php echo \$this->Html->link(\${$singularVar}['{$alias}']['{$details['displayField']}'], array('controller' => '{$details['controller']}', 'action' => 'view', \${$singularVar}['{$alias}']['{$details['primaryKey']}'])); ?>\n\t\t\t&nbsp;\n\t\t</dd>\n";
    				break;
    			}
    		}
    	}
    	if ($isKey !== true) {
    		echo "\t\t<dt><?php echo __('" . Inflector::humanize($field) . "'); ?></dt>\n";
    		echo "\t\t<dd>\n\t\t\t<?php echo h(\${$singularVar}['{$modelClass}']['{$field}']); ?>\n\t\t\t&nbsp;\n\t\t</dd>\n";
    	}
    }
    ?>
    	</dl>
    </div>
    <div class="actions">
    	<h3><?php echo "<?php echo __('Actions'); ?>"; ?></h3>
    	<ul>
    <?php
    	echo "\t\t<li><?php echo \$this->Html->link(__('Edit " . $singularHumanName ."'), array('action' => 'edit', \${$singularVar}['{$modelClass}']['{$primaryKey}'])); ?> </li>\n";
    	echo "\t\t<li><?php echo \$this->Form->postLink(__('Delete " . $singularHumanName . "'), array('action' => 'delete', \${$singularVar}['{$modelClass}']['{$primaryKey}']), array('confirm' => __('Are you sure you want to delete # %s?', \${$singularVar}['{$modelClass}']['{$primaryKey}']))); ?> </li>\n";
    	echo "\t\t<li><?php echo \$this->Html->link(__('List " . $pluralHumanName . "'), array('action' => 'index')); ?> </li>\n";
    	echo "\t\t<li><?php echo \$this->Html->link(__('New " . $singularHumanName . "'), array('action' => 'add')); ?> </li>\n";
    
    	$done = array();
    	foreach ($associations as $type => $data) {
    		foreach ($data as $alias => $details) {
    			if ($details['controller'] != $this->name && !in_array($details['controller'], $done)) {
    				echo "\t\t<li><?php echo \$this->Html->link(__('List " . Inflector::humanize($details['controller']) . "'), array('controller' => '{$details['controller']}', 'action' => 'index')); ?> </li>\n";
    				echo "\t\t<li><?php echo \$this->Html->link(__('New " . Inflector::humanize(Inflector::underscore($alias)) . "'), array('controller' => '{$details['controller']}', 'action' => 'add')); ?> </li>\n";
    				$done[] = $details['controller'];
    			}
    		}
    	}
    ?>
    	</ul>
    </div>
    <?php
    if (!empty($associations['hasOne'])) :
    	foreach ($associations['hasOne'] as $alias => $details): ?>
    	<div class="related">
    		<h3><?php echo "<?php echo __('Related " . Inflector::humanize($details['controller']) . "'); ?>"; ?></h3>
    	<?php echo "<?php if (!empty(\${$singularVar}['{$alias}'])): ?>\n"; ?>
    		<dl>
    	<?php
    			foreach ($details['fields'] as $field) {
    				echo "\t\t<dt><?php echo __('" . Inflector::humanize($field) . "'); ?></dt>\n";
    				echo "\t\t<dd>\n\t<?php echo \${$singularVar}['{$alias}']['{$field}']; ?>\n&nbsp;</dd>\n";
    			}
    	?>
    		</dl>
    	<?php echo "<?php endif; ?>\n"; ?>
    		<div class="actions">
    			<ul>
    				<li><?php echo "<?php echo \$this->Html->link(__('Edit " . Inflector::humanize(Inflector::underscore($alias)) . "'), array('controller' => '{$details['controller']}', 'action' => 'edit', \${$singularVar}['{$alias}']['{$details['primaryKey']}'])); ?></li>\n"; ?>
    			</ul>
    		</div>
    	</div>
    	<?php
    	endforeach;
    endif;
    if (empty($associations['hasMany'])) {
    	$associations['hasMany'] = array();
    }
    if (empty($associations['hasAndBelongsToMany'])) {
    	$associations['hasAndBelongsToMany'] = array();
    }
    $relations = array_merge($associations['hasMany'], $associations['hasAndBelongsToMany']);
    foreach ($relations as $alias => $details):
    	$otherSingularVar = Inflector::variable($alias);
    	$otherPluralHumanName = Inflector::humanize($details['controller']);
    	?>
    <div class="related">
    	<h3><?php echo "<?php echo __('Related " . $otherPluralHumanName . "'); ?>"; ?></h3>
    	<?php echo "<?php if (!empty(\${$singularVar}['{$alias}'])): ?>\n"; ?>
    	<table cellpadding = "0" cellspacing = "0">
    	<tr>
    <?php
    			foreach ($details['fields'] as $field) {
    				echo "\t\t<th><?php echo __('" . Inflector::humanize($field) . "'); ?></th>\n";
    			}
    ?>
    		<th class="actions"><?php echo "<?php echo __('Actions'); ?>"; ?></th>
    	</tr>
    <?php
    echo "\t<?php foreach (\${$singularVar}['{$alias}'] as \${$otherSingularVar}): ?>\n";
    		echo "\t\t<tr>\n";
    			foreach ($details['fields'] as $field) {
    				echo "\t\t\t<td><?php echo \${$otherSingularVar}['{$field}']; ?></td>\n";
    			}
    
    			echo "\t\t\t<td class=\"actions\">\n";
    			echo "\t\t\t\t<?php echo \$this->Html->link(__('View'), array('controller' => '{$details['controller']}', 'action' => 'view', \${$otherSingularVar}['{$details['primaryKey']}'])); ?>\n";
    			echo "\t\t\t\t<?php echo \$this->Html->link(__('Edit'), array('controller' => '{$details['controller']}', 'action' => 'edit', \${$otherSingularVar}['{$details['primaryKey']}'])); ?>\n";
    			echo "\t\t\t\t<?php echo \$this->Form->postLink(__('Delete'), array('controller' => '{$details['controller']}', 'action' => 'delete', \${$otherSingularVar}['{$details['primaryKey']}']), array('confirm' => __('Are you sure you want to delete # %s?', \${$otherSingularVar}['{$details['primaryKey']}']))); ?>\n";
    			echo "\t\t\t</td>\n";
    		echo "\t\t</tr>\n";
    
    echo "\t<?php endforeach; ?>\n";
    ?>
    	</table>
    <?php echo "<?php endif; ?>\n\n"; ?>
    	<div class="actions">
    		<ul>
    			<li><?php echo "<?php echo \$this->Html->link(__('New " . Inflector::humanize(Inflector::underscore($alias)) . "'), array('controller' => '{$details['controller']}', 'action' => 'add')); ?>"; ?> </li>
    		</ul>
    	</div>
    </div>
    <?php
    endforeach;
    ?>

     

     

    Now also create a function in the controller with the following name: customfunction in the following directory:

    YOUR_CAKEPHP_PROJECT\lib\Cake\Console\Templates\default\actions

    Now open controller_actions.ctp file and add a new function customfunction in it:

     

    public function <?php echo $admin ?>customfunction() {
    // Your logic goes here
    }

     

    If you don't want the customfunction to be universal and want to use it in the specific controller then you can directly write it into that controller.

     

    Thanks for reading.

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