Join the social network of Tech Nerds, increase skill rank, get work, manage projects...
 

This blog is part of 1 Tute Sets.

Linux Commands
Tute set by Perumal93
1 Blogs
  • Basic Linux Commands

    • 1/1
    • 1
    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    • 0
    • 1.10k
    Comment on it

      Hello Readers..here are some basic commands that we use in Linux

     1. File Handling :

    •     mkdir- make directories

         Usage: mkdir[OPTION]DIRECTORY...
         Example: mkdir rahul
         

    •      ls- list directory contents

         Usage: ls[OPTION]...[FILE]...
         Example: ls,ls-1,ls rahul
         

    •      cd-changes directories

         Usage: cd[DIRECTORY] 
         Example: cd rahul

     

    •   pwd- print name of current working directory

         Usage:pwd
     

    •  vim-Vi Improved,a programmers text editor

         Usage: vim[OPTION] [file]...
         Example: vim file1.txt

     

    •   cp-copy files and directories

         Usage: cp[OPTION]..SOURCE DEST
         Example:cp sample.txt sample_copy.txt
                 cp sample_copy.txt target_dir

     

    • mv-move(rename)files

         Usage: mv[OPTION]..SOURCE DEST
         Example: mv source.txt target_dir
                 mv previous.txt new.txt

     

    • rm-remove files or directories

         Usage: rm[OPTION] [path] [pattern]
         Example: rm file.txt
       

    • find-search for files in a directory hierarchy

         Usage: find[OPTION] [path] [pattern]
         Example: find file1.txt

     

    • history-prints recently used commands

         Usage: history

     

     2. Text Processing:

    •     cat-concatenate files and print on the standard output

        Usage: cat[OPTION][FILE]...
        Example: cat file1.txt

     

    •     echo-display a line of text

        Usage: find[OPTION] [string]...
        Example: echo hello
                echo $HOME 

     

     3. System Administration:

     

    •     chmod- change file access permission

        Usage: chmod [OPTION] [MODE] [FILE]
        Example: chmod 744 math.sh
        

    •     chown: change file owner and group

        Usage: chmod [OPTION]...OWNER[:GROUP][MODE][FILE]
        Example: chmod remo math.txt

     

    •     su: change user ID

        Usage: su[OPTION][LOGIN]
        Example: su math

     

    •     passwd:update a user's authentication tokens

        Usage: passwd[OPTION]
        Example: passwd
        

    •  who: show who is logged on

        Usage: who[OPTION]
        Example: who,who -b

     

     4. Process Management:

     

    • ps:report a  snapshort of the current processes

        Usage: ps[OPTION]
        Example: ps,ps -el
        

    • kill: to kill a process

        Usage: kill[OPTION] pid
        Example: kill -9 2275

     

     5. Archival:

    •      tar: to archive a file

        Usage: tar[OPTION]DEST SOURCE
        Example: cvf/home/archive.tar/home/origial

     

    • zip: package and compress (archive) files

        Usage: zip[OPTION]DEST SOURCE
        Example: zip original.zip original
     

    • unzip: test,list and extract compressed files in a ZIP archive

        Usage: unzip filename
        Example: unzip original.zip

     

     6. Network:

    • ssh: SSH client(remote login program).

            "ssh is a program for logging into a remote machine and for executing commands on a remote machine."

    Usage: ssh [OPTION] [user]@hostname

        Example: ssh-X guest@10.105.11.20

     

    • scp: secure copy

            "scp copies files between hosts on a network"
        Usage: scp[options] [[user]@host1:file1] [[user]@host2:file2]


        Example: scp file1.txt guest@10.105.11.20:~/Desktop/

     

     7. File Systems:

    • fdisk-partition manipulator

        Example: sudo fdisk -1
        

    • mount: mount a file system

        Usage: mount -t type device dir
        Example: mount/dev/sda5/media/target

     

    • unmount: unmount file systems

        Usage: unmount[OPTIONS]dir |device..
        Example: unmount/media/target

     

    • du: estimate file space usage

        Usage: du[OPTION]..[FILE]
        Example: du

     

    • df: report filesystem disk space usage

        Usage: df[OPTIONS]..[FILE]..
        Example: df

     

    • quota: display disk usage and limits

        Usage: quota [OPTION]
        Example: quota -v

 0 Comment(s)

Sign In
                           OR                           
                           OR                           
Register

Sign up using

                           OR                           
Forgot Password
Fill out the form below and instructions to reset your password will be emailed to you:
Reset Password
Fill out the form below and reset your password: