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  • Association in Laravel

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    Association in Laravel

    Laravel supports associations. Here associations are basically relationship between tables. There are six types of associations in Laravel:

     

    Relationship Type of Association Example
         
    One to One hasOne User has one profile.
    One to Many hasMany Blog has many posts.
    Many to Many belongsToMany Many users may have many roles.
    Has Many Through hasManyThrough Country may have many posts through an intermediate user.
    Polymorphic Relations morphTo Picture belongs to an employee or product.
    Many to Many Polymorphic Relations morphToMany Post and video can share polymorphic relation to a tag.

     

    One to One

    one-to-one relation is a basic relation. For example: A supplier has only one account. Here account method should return the results of the hasOne method:

     

     

    <?php
    
    namespace App;
    
    use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
    
    class Supplier extends Model
    {
        /**
         * Get the account record associated with the supplier.
         */
        public function account()
        {
            return $this->hasOne('App\Account');
        }
    }

     

     

    One to Many

    one-to-many association indicates has many relation. This association indicates that each instance of model has zero or more instance of another model. Example: A Blog model can have many posts and posts model may have many comments:

     

    <?php
    
    namespace App;
    
    use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
    
    class Blog extends Model
    {
        /**
         * Get the posts for the blog.
         */
        public function posts()
        {
            return $this->hasMany('App\Post');
        }
    }

     

     

    Many to Many

    Many users can have many roles. Example: Many users can have role of Admin, Subadmin or Superadmin. Many-to-many association is defined by method that calls the belongsToMany method:

     

    <?php
    
    namespace App;
    
    use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
    
    class User extends Model
    {
        /**
         * The roles that belong to the user.
         */
        public function roles()
        {
            return $this->belongsToMany('App\Role');
        }
    }

     

     

    Has Many Through

    Has-many-through association is used to set up many to many connections with another model. Country model have many Post models through an intermediate User model. Example: You can gather posts blog from a given country.

     

    <?php
    
    namespace App;
    
    use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
    
    class Country extends Model
    {
        /**
         * Get all of the posts for the country.
         */
        public function posts()
        {
            return $this->hasManyThrough('App\Post', 'App\User');
        }
    }

     

     

    Polymorphic Relations

    Polymorphic-relations are more advanced association provided by laravel. On a single association, a model can belong to more than one other model with polymorphic association. For example: Picture model can belong to employee model or a product model:

     

    <?php
    
    namespace App;
    
    use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
    
    class Photo extends Model
    {
        /**
         * Get all of the owning imageable models.
         */
        public function imageable()
        {
            return $this->morphTo();
        }
    }
    
    class Employee extends Model
    {
        /**
         * Get all of the employees photos.
         */
        public function photos()
        {
            return $this->morphMany('App\Photo', 'imageable');
        }
    }
    
    class Product extends Model
    {
        /**
         * Get all of the product's photos.
         */
        public function photos()
        {
            return $this->morphMany('App\Photo', 'imageable');
        }
    }

     

     

     

    Many to Many Polymorphic Relations

     

    Blog Post and Video model can share polymorphic relation to Tag model. List of unique tags shared across blog posts and videos is allowed by many-to-many polymorphic relations:

     

    <?php
    
    namespace App;
    
    use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
    
    class Post extends Model
    {
        /**
         * Get all of the tags for the post.
         */
        public function tags()
        {
            return $this->morphToMany('App\Tag', 'taggable');
        }
    }

     

     

    Thanks for reading.

     

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